CE Credits: 10 Federal Tax Law, 3 Federal Tax Updates, 2 Regulatory Ethics
This course gives an intermediate overview of taxable and nontaxable income, business income, depreciation, nonrefundable and refundable tax credits, and an in depth understanding of filing status and exemptions. The course covers adjustment to income, and the difference between standard and itemized deduction. This continuing education course is designed for those individuals who only need 10-hours of tax law, 2 hours ethics and 3-hours of updates.
At the end of this course, the student will be able to do the following:
- Explain who is a sole proprietor.
- Recall the different partnership types.
- Understand where to report wages and other compensation.
- Differentiate earned vs. unearned income.
- Identify the differences between accounting periods and accounting methods.
- Explain which deductions are limited to the 7.5% floor.
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Part I: Ethics
This chapter will explain how to determine who qualifies as a tax return preparer, what representation rights a preparer has, how that individual is bound by the Circular 230 guidelines, and what it means for a tax preparer to behave ethically and responsibly.
Part II: Federal Tax Law
The IRS has the authority to tax all income from whatever source it is derived. This includes compensation for services, gains from dispositions of property, interest and dividends, rent and royalties, pensions and annuities, gambling winnings, and even illegal activities. All such income a person receives is collectively referred to as “worldwide income.” However, not all money or property is taxable or subject to tax. This chapter will cover the different types of taxable and nontaxable income and show you where and how to report such wages on a professionally prepared tax return. A tax professional must recognize the different kinds of taxable income, tax-exempt income, and other income included in Schedule 1, line 21, and must know how to figure out the taxable percentage on Social Security benefits.
Tax Credits and Payments
A nonrefundable tax credit reduces the amount of tax liability that may have to be paid. Unlike a deduction, which reduces the amount of income that is subject to taxation, a credit directly reduces the tax itself. There are two types of credits: nonrefundable, which cannot reduce tax liability below zero, and refundable, which can reduce tax liability below zero, resulting in the need for a refund.
This chapter provides an overview of miscellaneous taxes from the Form 1040 and reported on Schedule 2 that a taxpayer might be assessed. This includes excess Social Security tax, additional taxes on IRAs, the Alternative Minimum Tax, and household employment taxes.
This course encompasses how the sole proprietor reports income. Sole proprietorship is the most popular business structure. A sole proprietorship is indistinguishable from its owner, and all income earned is reported by the owner. Schedule C is the reporting tool for most sole proprietors. Covered in the course is line by line instruction to complete the Schedule C.
Rental income is any payment received for the use or occupation of real estate or personal property. The payment that is received is taxable to the taxpayer and is generally reported on Schedule E. Each Schedule E can report three properties. If the taxpayer has more than three properties, additional Schedule E’s would be used. Schedule E is not used to report personal income and expenses. The taxpayer should not use Schedule E to report renting personal property, that is not a business. To report other income, use Schedule 1, lines 8 – 24b.
Income received from the operation of a farm or from rental income from a farm is taxable. Farmers determine their taxable income from farming and related activities by using Schedule F. Profit or loss from farm income is first reported on Schedule F and then “flows” to Form 1040, Schedule 1, line 6. This course covers basic farm income and expenses.
This course will cover the different types of depreciation. Depreciation is an income tax deduction that allows a taxpayer to recover the cost or other basis of certain property. It is an annual allowance for wear and tear, deterioration, or obsolescence of the property. The depreciation period is also called the recovery period because the taxpayer is recovering the cost of their property. When claiming depreciation, remember it is "what is allowed or allowable".
Part III: Tax Updates
This course covers the annual inflation adjustments of standard deductions, tax rates, and refundable and nonrefundable credits. This course will have information on how the pandemic has changed tax season and other important events. Learn the latest changes on the regulations regarding qualified business income (QBI) and changes. Changes to Form 1040 and the schedules will be discussed and so much more. Additional topics include:
- CARES Act
- SECURE Act
- Families First Coronavirus Act
- Annual Inflation Adjustments
- Disaster relief changes
Included in this course
To earn certificate of completion:
• Pass Final Exams with 70% (or better)
• 3-Part eBook
Learn at your own pace, read or watch the lessons, pass the exams.
Learn on your phone, tablet, or computer.
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